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High Peformance Hemipsherical Energy Analyzer with 1D-DLD Detector for UPS, XPS, ISS and LEISS. 

The PHOIBOS 100 hemispherical energy analyzer is a powerful tool for modern photoelectron spectroscopy. This analyzer can be operated in all relevant analysis modes, such as XPS, UPS, as well as AES, ISS and LEISS. Its design and the modular supplementary hardware makes this analyzer the most versatile PES analyzer in the market. It can easily be upgraded with all available SPECS detection systems. 

The integrated 1D-DLD detector is the best performing detection system available. The direct detection of electron signals yield quantitative counts per second (cps). The powerful electronics can aquire ultrafast snapshot measurements of the energy spectrum with up to 900 energy channels as well as continous sweeping energy spectra. Its low dark count rate and high linearity make this detector outstanding for XPS analysis. 

The energy analyzer section is equipped with 8 customizable entrance and 3 exit slits for UPS and XPS. The analyzer comes with a highly stable power supply, the HSA 3500 plus, for best performance in a wide kinetic energy range up to 3500 eV kinetic energy.

A special version with a smaller lens diamater (DN63CF) is available on request.


  • 100 mm Mean Radius
  • Quantitative Analysis
  • High Count Rate and Linearity
  • Low Noise and Dark Count Rate
  • 40 mm Detector Area
  • Fast Snapshot Measurements




Energy Dispersion by



8 Entrance, 3 Exit slits and Iris aperture

Acceptance Angle


Kinetic Energy Range

0 - 3500 eV

Pass Energies

0 - 550 eV continously adjustable

Lens Modes
  • Angular resolved Mode
  • Transmission Mode
  • Spatially resolved Mode
  • Angular resolved


Detector Channels

Max. 400 energy channels (100 and 50 channels for binning 4 and 8, respectively)

Measurement Modes

  • Snapshot Mode
  • Sweeping Mode
  • Fixed Mode
  • Energy Window

    13% of Pass Energy


    1D-DLD Detector


    HSA 3500 plus HT 100

    Working Pressure

    10-11 to 10-7 mbar

    Angular Resolution

    < 0.5°

    Energy Resolution

    <5 meV for XPS

    Lateral Resolution

    < 100 µm

    XPS Count Rates UHV

    Ag 3d measured with XR 50 300 W MgKa > 1.7 Mcps @ 0.85 eV, > 4.6 Mcps @ 1.00 eV

    Mounting Flange

    DN100 CF

    Magnetic Shielding

    Double µ-Metal Shielding

    Working Distance

    40 mm

    Electric Isolation

    up to 7 keV





    1. (2019) Insights into the role of Zn and Ga in the hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol over Pd

      The hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol is a viable alternative for reducing greenhouse gases net emissions as well as a route for hydrogen storage and transportation. In this context, the synthesis of active and selective catalysts is a relevant objective. In this work, we study the promotion of Pd with Ga and Zn in the hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol at 800 kPa and 220–280 °C. Mono and intermetallic catalysts (Pd/SiO2, PdGa/SiO2 and Pd-Zn/SiO2) were synthesized by incipient wetness impregnation with the aid of triethanolamine as an organic additive, obtaining similar average metal particle sizes (between 9 and 12 nm). Kinetic analysis reveals that the addition of Ga and Zn increases the turnover frequency for methanol formation by an order of magnitude without significant changes in the reaction rate of the reverse water-gas shift (r-WGS) which is a parallel undesired reaction. The selectivity to methanol (at 220 °C) thus increases from 3% for Pd/SiO2 to 12% for Pd-Ga/SiO2 and 30% for Pd-Zn/SiO2. XPS studies, Infrared analysis of CO adsorption, and XRD analyses show the presence of intermetallic phases Pd2Ga and PdZn on the surface. The results suggest that Ga and Zn promote Pd, increasing its activity towards the synthesis of methanol, by creating more active sites for this reaction. These sites are likely formed by intermetallic compounds such as Pd2Ga and PdZn.

      R. Manrique, R. Jiménez, J. Rodríguez-Pereira, V. G. Baldovino-Medrano, and A. Karelovic
      International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 44, Issue 31, 21 June 2019, Pages 16526-16536
      Read more
    2. (2017) Catalytic consequences of Ga promotion on Cu for CO2 hydrogenation to methanol

      The promotion of Ga on SiO2 supported Cu in the hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol at 800 kPa and 200–280 °C was investigated. Cu/SiO2 and CuGa/SiO2 catalysts were prepared by a water-in-oil microemulsion technique resulting in Cu clusters of 4–6.5 nm. It was found that Ga addition increased the methanol formation rate by an order of magnitude without significantly changing that for reverse water gas shift (RWGS). This trend is also evidenced by the decrease in the apparent activation barrier for methanol formation from 78 (for Cu/SiO2) to 26–39 kJ mol−1 when Ga was added, but not for RWGS (107–132 kJ mol−1). Kinetic and in situ DRIFTS analyses revealed that formate intermediates are adsorbed on both Cu and Ga2O3 and that methoxy hydrogenation could be the rate determining step of methanol synthesis. In the case of RWGS, a zero order of CO formation with respect to H2 concentration was consistent with a redox mechanism and with the reaction occurring predominantly on Cu sites. The results suggest that Ga promotes Cu increasing methanol selectivity, likely by creating new active sites for methanol formation without modifying its oxidation state, which under reaction conditions remains mostly metallic.

      J. C. Medina, M. Figueroa, R. Manrique, J. R. Pereira, P. D. Srinivasan, J. J. Bravo-Suárez, V. G. Baldovino Medrano, R. Jiméneza and A. Karelovic
      Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017,7, 3375-3387
      Read more


    Product image
    Product description
    Article No.
    Channelplates set (1 pair MCP) for DLD detector

    Spare channelplate set for 1D & 2D-DLD 100 & 2D-DLD 150. Not suitable for 1D-DLD 150

    DN40CF 4-fold SMB Feedthrough for DLD

    Spare electrical feedthrough for all DLD detectors. Connection flange for the ACU unit

    Cu gasket DN370CF for PHOIBOS 100

    PHOIBOS 100 analyzer main flange gasket for Releases R3, R6, R7

    Cu gasket for PHOIBOS 100

    PHOIBOS 100 analyzer main flange gasket for Releases R5

    Rotary feedthrough for IRIS

    Replacement feedthrough for PHOIBOS Release R5 & R6 iris mechanism

    Spindle with Spur and Bevel Gear for Iris

    Replacement spindle for PHOIBOS Release R5 & R6 iris mechanism

    Tubus 3 with Iris

    Replacement iris mechanism for PHOIBOS Release R5 & R6



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