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The ASTRAIOS 190 is a revolutionary ARPES analyzer for 2D momentum mapping. It is based on a direct k-mapping single spot shifting lens with a virtual entrance slit for ultimate k- and energy resolved measurements.

Direct k-mapping Lens

The lens of the ASTRAIOS is optimized for 2D momentum mapping. The parameters that are imaged by the hemisphere are the k-parallel components and the energy of the photoelectrons recorded with a minimum amount of data transformations. A revolutionary approach that we have pioneered in the KREIOS analyzer family and which we can offer now for the ASTRAIOS as well, optimized for extractionfield-free experiments for the ASTRAIOS.

Wide Acceptance Angle

A completely new objective lens allows for wide acceptance angles of up to ± 30° at 27,5 mm working distance. This is possible due to its significantly smaller spherical aberration than that of conventional ARPES lenses. The outer contour is shaped to be compatible with all kinds of UV sources, lasers and synchrotron geometries.

Single Spot Parallel Shifting Lens

The lens of ASTRAIOS 190 is unique in many aspects and thus a patent is applied for the new design. One of the most important design aspects is the parallel momentum imaging: the divergent beam of electrons coming from the sample is converted into a perfect parallel bundle of electrons in the entrance plane of the analyzer. This is achieved by focusing the electrons into a sharp spot in the first real space image. A single shifting electrode assembly in this plane can shift the momentum image such that the full momentum space mapping can be performed on the full acceptance cone of the accepted electrons.

Motorized Virtual Entrance Slit

The ASTRAIOS 190 features a completely new and revolutionary entrance slit concept: the virtual entrance slit. Instead of placing the slit in the entrance plane of the analyzer, the ASTRAIOS has its entrance slits in an electron-optically equivalent plane RP1 in the lens. The advantage of inserting the entrance slit in in the lens is that the kinetic energies are typically one order of magnitude higher than in the entrance plane of the analyzer. The virtual entrance slit enables long-term operation at highest resolutions and detector homogeneities, increasing uptime and productivity. The motorization and complete software control finally allows for programmable experiments, making ARPES experiments easier to perform.

Direct Counting 2D-CMOS Detector with 2D/3D Spin Option

The ASTRAIOS is equipped with our newest detector development: the 2D-CMOS detector. This detector offers true pulse counting with excellent linearity, extremely high dynamic range, highest count rates and pixel resolution. Combinations with 2D/3D spin detectors (Mott or VLEED) are available.


  • Single spot parallel shifting lens (patent pending)
  • ± 30° acceptance angle
  • ± 1 Å-1 k-range for He I, ± 2.5 Å-1 k-range for (S)XPS
  • k-resolution < 0.003 Å-1
  • Energy resolution better than 1.5 meV
  • Motorized virtual analyzer entrance slit
  • 2D CMOS Detector with SPIN option
  • Double µ-Metal Shielding


On the example of Graphene/SiC, excited at He II (41.2 eV) photon energy with a monochromated small spot UV source, the effect of using the deflector is shown. 

Au(111) Surface State

The Au(111) surface state is a commonly known example of the performance of ARPES spectrometer. Here, the two Rashba slit surface state branches are clearly resolved at room temperature. 




Energy Resolution

< 1.5 meV

Angular Resolution

< 0.1°


< 0.003 Å-1

Acceptance Angle

ARPES ±30°, ±20° and ±10°
XPS ±10°

Detector Channels

1285x730 (with Channel Binning)

Kinetic Energy Range

0-1500 eV

Pass Energies

0-100 eV Continously Adjustable

Energy Dispersion


Lens Modes

Angular Resolved Mode
Angular Resolved XPS Mode
Alignement Mode

Measurement Modes

Snapshot Mode, Sweeping Mode, Fixed Energy Mode


2D CMOS Detector


8 motorized entrance and 3 exit slits and iris aperture


HSA 3500 +

Working Pressure

10-11 to 10-7 mbar

Working Distance

27.5 mm

Mounting Flange

DN150CF (8" OD) with single µ-metal connection (ARPES)
DN200CF (10" OD) with dual µ-metal connection (Laser ARPES)

Magnetic Shielding

Double µ-Metal Shielding




Product image
Product description
Article No.
Channelplates Set - 1 pair MCP 40

Spare channelplate set for all 40 mm CCD detectors

Phosphor screen

Spare phosphor screen for all 40 mm CCD detectors. Exchange with channelplates is recommended.



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