The 9th International Symposium on Surface Science
The 9th International Symposium on Surface Science (ISSS-9) will be held from November 28 to December 2, 2021 in Takamatsu, Kagawa, Japan. This symposium is the 9th in a series of international symposia organized by The Japan Society of Vacuum and Surface Science (JVSS). The symposium will highlight recent achievements in surface science and its related fields. Because the properties and functionalities of the materials under external environments are mainly ruled by "surfaces and interfaces", surface science plays an essential role in wide sectors. Discussion on the above mentioned major topics with interdisciplinary studies as the future directions of the fields are strongly encouraged.