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METIS 1000 System

System Module for SPECS METIS 1000 Momentum Microscopes

The system for the METIS 1000 momentum microscope, is a turnkey system for state-of-the-art TOF-ARPES and TOF-PEEM operation. If comes with a fully equipped system base including vibrational insulation. The system design is ready to host laser or synchron beam access, sample transfer to preparation facilities and additional analysis components, such as Hg discharge light sources or camera systems.  

The moldular design is compatible with all SPECS FlexMod system modules for easy extension of the analytical and preparation abilities.


  • High Performance TOF Momentum Microscope
  • Ultra Low Temperature Sample Stage
  • Ready for Laser or Synchron Use
  • UHV Preparation System
  • Fast Entry Loadlock




  1. (2022) Structure of the moiré exciton captured by imaging its electron and hole

    Interlayer excitons (ILXs) — electron–hole pairs bound across two atomically thin layered semiconductors — have emerged as attractive platforms to study exciton condensation, single-photon emission and other quantum information applications. Yet, despite extensive optical spectroscopic investigations, critical information about their size, valley configuration and the influence of the moiré potential remains unknown. Here, in a WSe2/MoS2 heterostructure, we captured images of the time-resolved and momentum-resolved distribution of both of the particles that bind to form the ILX: the electron and the hole. We thereby obtain a direct measurement of both the ILX diameter of around 5.2 nm, comparable with the moiré-unit-cell length of 6.1 nm, and the localization of its centre of mass. Surprisingly, this large ILX is found pinned to a region of only 1.8 nm diameter within the moiré cell, smaller than the size of the exciton itself. This high degree of localization of the ILX is backed by Bethe–Salpeter equation calculations and demonstrates that the ILX can be localized within small moiré unit cells. Unlike large moiré cells, these are uniform over large regions, allowing the formation of extended arrays of localized excitations for quantum technology.

    Ouri Karni, Elyse Barré, Vivek Pareek, Johnathan D. Georgaras, Michael K. L. Man, Chakradhar Sahoo, David R. Bacon, Xing Zhu, Henrique B. Ribeiro, Aidan L. O’Beirne, Jenny Hu, Abdullah Al-Mahboob, Mohamed M. M. Abdelrasoul, Nicholas S. Chan, Arka Karmakar
    Nature 603, pages 247–252 (2022)
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  2. (2020) Directly visualizing the momentum-forbidden dark excitons and their dynamics in atomically thin semiconductors

    Resolving momentum degrees of freedom of excitons, which are electron-hole pairs bound by the Coulomb attraction in a photoexcited semiconductor, has remained an elusive goal for decades. In atomically thin semiconductors, such a capability could probe the momentum-forbidden dark excitons, which critically affect proposed opto-electronic technologies but are not directly accessible using optical techniques. Here, we probed the momentum state of excitons in a tungsten diselenide monolayer by photoemitting their constituent electrons and resolving them in time, momentum, and energy. We obtained a direct visual of the momentum-forbidden dark excitons and studied their properties, including their near degeneracy with bright excitons and their formation pathways in the energy-momentum landscape. These dark excitons dominated the excited-state distribution, a surprising finding that highlights their importance in atomically thin semiconductors.

    Julien Madéo, Michael K. L. Man, Chakradhar Sahoo, Marshall Campbell, Vivek Pareek, E. Laine Wong, Abdullah Al-Mahboob, Nicholas S. Chan, Arka Karmakar, Bala Murali Krishna Mariserla, Xiaoqin Li, Tony F. Heinz, Ting Cao, Keshav M. Dani
    Science 370, 1199–1204 (2020)
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