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TSC add-on

When the number of sample contacts becomes very large, or when external instruments deliver many signals to be digitized, 8 input and output channels might simply not be enough. One additional TSC instantaneously doubles that number to 16. For even more complex experiments, a maximum of 3 TSCs can be connected to the Nanonis Tramea™ base configuration, transforming the instrument into a 24 outputs and 24 inputs system. Never before has that number of signals been generated or acquired with similar performance.

Nanonis TSC
Nanonis Tramea TSC add-on module

The TSC add-ons are identical to the TSC of the base configuration, meaning no compromise on signal quality. And while increasing the number of channels with conventional systems means adapting the measurement software and potentially changing the workflow, with Nanonis Tramea™ none of this is necessary. The additional TSC signals are seamlessly integrated into the Tramea™ software allowing immediate productivity. For cases where more signal outputs than signal inputs are necessary, the Nanonis TSO add-on might be the better solution.

Additional TSCs can be combined with additional TSO5 (16-output channels) if more outputs than inputs are required. 


  • 8 additional high precision and low noise 20-bit analog outputs (22-bit with hrDAC)
  • 8 additional low-noise 18-bit analog inputs
  • Up to a total of 24 I/O channels with two TSC add-ons
  • Seamless integration of additional channels in the software

TSC and TSO add-on combinations supported by the base configuration

ConfigurationTotal number of outputsTotal number of inputs
Base configuration88
+1 TSC1616
+1 TSO248
+2 TSC2424
+1 TSC, +1 TSO3216
+2 TSO408
+2 TSC, +1TSO4024
+1 TSC, +2 TSO4816




TSC add-on
Analog inputs

If not otherwise specified, all specifications for ±10 V input range

Number of Connectors

8x BNC connector, differential

Differential input voltage range

± 10 V

Differential input voltage range

±10 V, ±1 V, ±100 mV, ±10 mV (with MCVA5)

Differential input impedance

2 MΩ

Input impedance

>10 TΩ to GND, >50 GΩ differential (with MCVA5)

Input bias current

<2 pA typ. (with MCVA5)

Analog bandwidth

DC – 100 kHz (-3 dB), 5th-order Butterworth low-pass filter


18-bit, no missing codes, 1 MS/s

Effective resolution

20-bit @ 60 kS/s, 22-bit @ 1 kS/s (oversampling)


±2 LSB typical


±1 LSB typical

Input noise density

< 150 nV/√Hz @ 10 kHz, < 650 nV/√Hz @ 10 Hz

Input noise density

<4 nV/√Hz (<5.5 nV/√Hz) @10 kHz SE (differential)
< 5 nV/√Hz (<6 nV/√Hz) @ 10 Hz SE (differential)
<11 nV//√Hz (<15 nV/√Hz) @ 1 Hz SE (differential)
(With MCVA5 @ gain 100)

Input measurement noise

< 100 μVrms @ 1 MS/s, < 25 μVrms @ 60 kS/s, < 6.5 μVrms @ 240 S/s

Input noise 0.1 Hz - 10 Hz

<25 nVrms (< 32 nVrms) SE (differential)
(With MCVA5 @ gain 100)

12 h drift

< 80 μV (< 100 μV) @ 0 V (@ 9.9 V)


> 120 dB @ 100 Hz, > 95 dB @ 1 kHz,
> 70 dB @ 10 kHz (9 V input signal)


>125 dB @ 10 Hz >120 dB @ 100 Hz >100 dB @ 1 kHz (with MCVA5 @ gain 100)

Analog outputs

all specifications for ±10 V output range

Number of Connectors

8 x BNC connectors, referenced to AGND

Output voltage range

±10 V into 1 kΩ or larger
(0 to +10 V with internal jumper per channel)

Output impedance

<1 Ω, short circuit safe

Analog bandwidth

DC – 40 kHz (-3 dB),
5th – order Butterworth low-pass filter


20-bit, 1-ppm precision, 1 MS/s

Effective resolution

22-bit, patented hrDACTM technology with active glitch compensation


< ±2 LSB max. < ±1 LSB typical


< ±1 LSB max. < 0.5 LSB typical

Output noise density

< 25 nV/√Hz @ 100 Hz, < 75 nV/√Hz @ 1 Hz

Output noise 0.1 Hz - 10 Hz

< 200 nVrms (0.1 – 10 Hz)

Output noise 10 Hz - 300 kHz

< 10 μVrms (10 Hz – 300 kHz)

12 h drift

< 1.5 μV (< 25 μV) @ 0 V (@ 9.9 V)


> 93 dB @ 100 Hz, > 93 dB @ 1 kHz, > 79 dB @ 10 kHz (9V output signal)

Operating temperature

+5° C to +35° C

Power Supply

Built-in linearly regulated power supply, toroidal transformer, automatic line voltage detection. Max. 51 W

Power Input

100 – 240 V, 50 - 60 Hz

Electrical GND

10 kΩ AGND to chassis, decoupled from TRCe


32.5 x 28 x 7 cm


4.2 kg




  1. (2019) Gate Tunable Hole Charge Qubit Formed in a Ge/Si Nanowire Double Quantum Dot Coupled to Microwave Photons

    A controllable and coherent light-matter interface is an essential element for a scalable quantum information processor. Strong coupling to an on-chip cavity has been accomplished in various electron quantum dot systems, but rarely explored in the hole systems. Here we demonstrate a hybrid architecture comprising a microwave transmission line resonator controllably coupled to a hole charge qubit formed in a Ge/Si core/shell nanowire (NW), which is a natural one-dimensional hole gas with a strong spin–orbit interaction (SOI) and lack of nuclear spin scattering, potentially enabling fast spin manipulation by electric manners and long coherence times. The charge qubit is established in a double quantum dot defined by local electrical gates. Qubit transition energy can be independently tuned by the electrochemical potential difference and the tunnel coupling between the adjacent dots, opening transverse (σx) and longitudinal (σz) degrees of freedom for qubit operation and interaction. As the qubit energy is swept across the photon level, the coupling with resonator is thus switched on and off, as detected by resonator transmission spectroscopy. The observed resonance dynamics is replicated by a complete quantum numerical simulation considering an efficient charge dipole-photon coupling with a strength up to 2π × 55 MHz, yielding an estimation of the spin-resonator coupling rate through SOI to be about 10 MHz. The results inspire the future researches on the coherent hole-photon interaction in Ge/Si nanowires.

    R. Wang, R. S. Deacon, J. Sun, J. Yao, C. M. Lieber and K. Ishibashi
    Nano Lett. 2019, 19, 2, 1052-1060
    Read more


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